Indian Railways Quotas

Quotas in Indian Railways

Railway quota can be used to find seat availability in trains. Seat availability under railway quota could provide additional advantage for passengers willing to get reservation of seat/berth in trains. Details about different types of quotas in Indian Railway including general quota, ladies quota etc. Following are Indian Railway Quotas.  A few important quotas entertained by the system are as under.

Indian Railway Quotas
Indian Railway Quotas
Sr No. Quota Description
1 GN General Quota
2 LD Ladies Quota
3 HO Head quarters/high official Quota
4 DF Defence Quota
5 PH Parliament house Quota
6 FT Foreign Tourist Quota
7 DP Duty Pass Quota
8 TQ Tatkal Quota
9 PT Premium Tatkal Quota
10 SS Female(above 45 Year)/Senior Citizen/Travelling alone
11 HP Physically Handicapped Quota
12 RE Railway Employee Staff on Duty for the train
13 GNRS General Quota Road Side
14 OS Out Station
15 PQ Pooled Quota
16 RC(RAC) Reservation Against Cancellation
17 RS Road Side
18 YU Yuva
19 LB Lower Berth


General Quota

A railways reservation General quota (GN) can be defined as the total number of tickets that can be issued for travel from the originating station issued by booking offices of the originating and other nearby stations. Majority of these seats in a particular train are reserved for long distances.

Head Quarters / High Official Quota

Railways reservation head quarters/high official Quota includes small number of seats and berths set aside for the rail officials, VIPs, high bureaucrats, etc. The allotment is done on first and first served basis. The request for booking train tickets under such quota should be made in advance to the quota controlling authority.

Defense Quota

Railways reservation Defense Quota can only be availed by the defense officials. The defense staff can book the tickets in any particular train in defense quota with the use of their ID cards.

Parliament House Quota

Railways reservation Parliament house Quota represents the number of seats allotted to members of Parliament in order to meet their urgent travel requirements. It can be availed by Centre and State ministers, judges of Supreme of India, high court judges of various states and MLAs.

Foreign Tourist Quota

Railways reservation Foreign Tourist Quota is a special number of seats or berths reserved for international tourists in almost all the important trains and in different classes.

Duty Pass Quota

Railways reservation Duty pass quota is meant for railways staffs on duty. All those railway staffs that need to travel in trains to perform their duty have a duty pass through which they can board the trains.

Tatkal Quota

Railways reservation Tatkal quota was introduced to help the passengers to book train tickets in different classes in case of emergencies. Except First Class AC and Executive Class, the Tatkal Booking are available to all class. Tatkal booking does not allow opting for Ladies and General Quota. Find details here about ITCTC Tatkal quota.

Female(above 45 Year)/Senior Citizen/Travelling alone Quota (SS Quota)

Under Railways reservation Female (above 45 Year)/Senior Citizen/Travelling alone quota (SS Quota), lower berths are provided to those senior citizens and female above 45 years who are travelling alone. Special trains have been provided for those senior citizens who use wheel chair.

Physically Handicapped Quota

Railways reservation physically handicapped quota provides various additional facilities to the passengers who are physically challenged. They are provided with different reservation counters at the railway reservation centers. Two sleeper class berths are been allotted in all the trains for those who are travelling on handicapped concessional ticket.

Railway Employee Staff on Duty for the train Quota

Railways reservation Employee Staff on Duty for the train is the quota, for employees of railways, which facilitates its employees by providing exclusive journey passes.

General Quota Road Side

This is also termed as remote location quota. Railways reservation General Road Side Quota (GNRS) describes of those railway stations that are still not connected to Passenger Reservation System. PRS maintains the database of reservation and many stations, not being connected to PRS maintain the records manually.

Out Station Quota

Railways reservation Out Station Quota is being operated even after provision of computerized PRS facility. Out station quota may be immediately withdrawn and merged with the database of the nearest remote location having no PRS. This quota requires a confirmation from zonal Railways. This quota is also general quota but can not be booked online.

Pooled Quota

Railway reservation Pooled Quota(PQ) consists of small number of berths. This quota is been charted at the starting station of the train. A traveler seeking reservation from the starting station is been allotted the reservation under this quota. There is no provision of Reservation Against Cancellation (RAC) in pooled Quota. Only confirmed tickets are issued for passengers travelling under head of this Pooled Quota of Indian Railway.

Reservation Against Cancellation Quota

Railway reservation Against Cancellation(RAC) is the quota of Indian railways which accommodates two passengers on a berth. A traveler bearing a RAC ticket can travel in the respective train but a person in waiting list is not allowed to do so. Generally tickets issued under RAC quota get confirmed after passing of some stations or could also become confirmed ticket in case of cancellation of confirmed or RAC tickets. The holder of RAC ticket remains after cancellation of tickets by other passengers enjoy full berth for rest of journey.

Road Side Quota

Smaller intermediate stations that do not participate in the networked computerized reservation system issue tickets from specific quotas, known as Road Side Quotas (‘RS’).

Yuva Quota

Railways Yuva reservation quota provides the facility of reservation to the unemployed travelers, aged between 15-45 years, certified by National Rural Employment Guarantee (NAREGA). The tickets for Yuva quota could be reserved on the general reservation counters. The certificate is mandatory for concessions.

Lower Berth Quota

Railways reservation Lower Berth Quota is reserved for a lady who is above 45 years and travelling alone, for a senior citizen and for a pregnant lady. In Lower Berth Quota only one berth could be allotted at a time even though there are several people eligible for this quota.

This quota is well suited for those senior citizen, pregnant lady and women above 45 years of age to book ticket and keep them apart from rush of booking train ticket under general quota.



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