Indian Railway Rules

Indian Railway Rules
Indian Railway Rules

Indian Railway Rules

IRCTC (Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation)  is following various rules and condition for the smooth functioning of Indian Railway. Many people are not aware of the Rules /Policy/Conditions by Railway. Here we are giving information about various Rules/Policy/Condition by Indian Railway. We are providing information based on Indian Railway’s Official Press release and official Circular.  Various Indian Railway Rules are following.

Smoking Rule in the Trains

Sleeping Policy In Trains : Indian Railway

Indian Railway announced through a commercial Circular (31.08.2017) amendment the Policy of sleeping Accommodation in Middle berth of 3-tier Sleeper coaches.

Railway Revised Sleeping Time Rule For Reserved Class Passengers

Following are the details. 

  • Sleeping accommodation between 22.00 hrs and 06.00 hrs and sitting accommodation for the rest of the period is provided for the passengers in the reserved coaches having sleeping accommodation.
  • On the side lower berths on which passengers have been booked under Reservation Against Cancellation (RAC), during the day time, sitting accommodation is also provided for those booked on the upper berth.
  • A person booked on side upper berth will not have any claim of seat on the lower berth between 22.00 hrs and 06.00 hrs. 
  • Passengers are, however request to cooperate with sick, persons with disability and pregnant ladies in case they want to sleep beyond permissible time limits. 

Railway Rules

General Conditions

The Railway Administration reserves seats, berths, compartments, or carriage in accordance with the rules and conditions published in the Coaching Tariff.

A passenger seeking reservation of berth or seats should purchase tickets from the Railway Reservation Offices/Authorized Travel Agency only.

Advance Reservation

Updated : 18.07.2019 Extension of Advance Reservation Period for Suvidha Trains and Special trains o­n Special charges

Ministry of Railway has decided that the currency of instructions regarding revision of advance Reservation period for running of all Suvidha and Special trains o­n special charges to 120 days and applicability of normal refund rules even in Suvidha trains is extended for o­ne year i.e. from 15.07.2019 to 14.07.2020.

Advance reservations are made generally up to 60 days in advance for all classes and all trains. The period of advance reservation (ARP) is exclusive of the day of departure of the Indian trains.

At intermediate stations where the train arrives on the following day, such reservations can be done more than 60 days in advance of the date of journey from the intermediate station. ARP is in relation to the date of journey from the train originating station. In case of some Inter-city day trains, the ARP is less.

Max Rail Ticket Booking Limit

An individual can book only up to six passengers on one requisition form provided all passengers are for the same destination and for the same train.

Only one requisition form is accepted from a person at one time. However, if onward/return journey is involved, 2 or 3 forms can be accepted for the same passengers.

Accommodation will not be reserved without the purchase of the necessary journey ticket. No reservation of accommodation will be made on a provisional basis.

Sleeping Berths

When berths are reserved for passengers, the intention is to provide sleeping accommodation between 9 PM to 6 AM. During 6 AM to 9 PM, the passengers concerned, if required make room for other passengers in compartment up to its carrying capacity.

Enquiry or complaint

Passengers are requested to quote PNR number which is printed on each ticket on the top left-hand side for any enquiry or complaint relating to reservations.

Rail Ticket Carry Rule

Reservation ticket issued by the computerised system against pre-bought ticket must be accompanied by the journey tickets on the train. Similarly, journey cum reservation tickets bearing zero amount are not valid for journey unless accompanied by the valid authority to travel authorising issue of such tickets.

Berth Allot Rule

Allotment of accommodation is done by the computer as per pre-defined logic. Efforts are made to provide compact accommodation to persons booked under the same PNR on a first-come-first-served basis.

The Railway Administration will endeavour to provide reserved accommodation but does not guarantee the same and will admit no claim for compensation for inconvenience, loss or extra expense due to such accommodation including carriages, not being provided or reserved carriage not been attached to a particular train. The supply of any particular type of carriage or the provision of a particular berth and seat is also not guaranteed.

Train Time Rule

Departure time printed on the ticket is indicative for the guidance of the passengers. Passengers must ascertain correct timings from the Railway station on the day of the journey. Such tickets are printed up to 60 days in advance. Any changes in timing after the issue of the ticket can not be advised. While every endeavour is made to advise changes in Time Table by due publicity, Railway Administration shall not be liable for any claim/compensation if a passenger misses a train on this account.

Important – for Senior Citizens

From 1st September 2001 onwards, a concession to senior citizens through PRS (Passenger Reservation System) shall be granted only on demand and not by default as at present. The demand for concession shall be made on Reservation Requisition form in the case of reserved tickets. In the case of tickets issued to senior citizens on concession, during the journey, the concerned passengers are instructed to carry some documentary proof showing their ✅ age or date of birth, issued by any Government Institution/Agency/Local Body. Like Identity card, Driving License, Passport, Educational certificate, a certificate from Local Bodies like Panchayat/Corporation/Municipality, or any other authentic and recognised document. This documentary proof of age should be produced if demanded by some Railway Official during the journey. Weekend Destinations.

Indication of Berth / Seat Numbers

Passengers with a confirmed reservation will be allotted berths at the time of booking and the coach and berth numbers are indicated on the ticket itself, except in case of ✅ first-class ACC and first-class coaches. The compartment/cabin/coupe numbers for first ACC and first-class are allotted at the time of chart preparation.

Reservation Against Cancellation (RAC)

The passengers whose names figure under R.A.C., are provided reserved sitting accommodation initially and are likely to get berths becoming vacant due to last minutes cancellation of a reservation of passengers not turning up in time before the departure of the train. Travel to India

When Reservation Work Ceases

The requests for reservation at the reservation counters are accepted up to 4 hours before the scheduled departure of the Indian trains, after which, the reservation will be done at the current counters at the stations up to one hour before the scheduled departure of the train and thereafter by the Ticket Collector/Conductor on the platform if vacant berths/seats are available.

Reservation From Intermediate Stations

Requisition for reservation of berths in all classes from intermediate stations not having computerised reservation facility are entertained on purchase of journey tickets only. Such requisition should be given to the Station Master of the Intermediate station 72 hours before the scheduled departure of the train from the station. Such application shall be sent to the nearest computerised reservation office at the earliest.

Cancellation Of Reservation Due To Late Arrival Of Passenger

If a passenger, for whom a berth or seat has been reserved, does not turn up upto 10 minutes before the scheduled departure of the train, the Railway Administration may cancel the accommodation reserved for him and allot it to the passenger on the RAC list/Waiting list accordingly on priority.

Change Of Boarding Point

If a passenger desires to occupy reserved accommodation from any station en route, he would be permitted to entrain at any intermediate station he chooses irrespective of the distance from the starting station subject to the following conditions:-

  • A specific request must be made in writing at the station from where the ticket is purchased and reservation made at-least 24 hours before the scheduled departure of the train from the starting station.
  • The Railway Administration reserves the right to use such accommodation from the originating station up to the station at which the passenger is due to en train.
  • No refund will be permissible for the portion of journey not performed by the passenger.

Transfer/Resale of Tickets Prohibited

Under Section 142 of the Railways ACT, journey tickets including any half of a return ticket and season ticket are not transferable.

If any person not being a Railway Servant or an agent authorised in this behalf:1. Sells or attempts to sell any ticket or any half of a return ticket, Parts or attempts to part with the possession of a ticket against which reservation of a seat or a berth has been made or any half of a return ticket or season ticket. He shall be punishable under the Railways Act.

In addition, if the purchaser or holder of transferred ticket travels or attempts to travel therewith, he shall forfeit the ticket which he so purchased or obtained and shall be deemed to be travelling without a proper ticket.

Payment through credit cards

Payment through credit cards for the issue of reserved tickets is accepted on some nominated counters of computerised locations in India. In Northern Railway these counters are at IRCA, Reservation Office, New Delhi, Delhi, Sarojini Nagar, Kirti Nagar and Karkadooma and the computerised reservation office. All Master Cards and Visa Cards are accepted.

Military Officers travelling on free warrants, officers and staff of the Railway and P and T department travelling on Railway pass and MPs travelling on Identity Card are exempted from payment of reservation fee. The supplementary charge is not recoverable from MPs travelling on Identity Card, tourist holding Indrail passes, Railway Staff travelling on duty passes, privilege passes and PTOs.

A passenger found travelling in a Super Fast Train without paying supplementary charge is liable to pay a penalty of Rs. 50/- in addition to the supplementary charge. However, passenger holding through ticket duly fulfilling distance restriction and boarding a super fast train at an intermediate station as per the ticket is required to pay only the supplementary charge.

Rule Against Unauthorized Commuters Travelling in Reserved Coach

FIR against unauthorized commuters travelling in a reserved coach meant for Disabled Commuters Book under The Right of Person with Disability Act 2016 under section 92, punishment imprisonment upto 5 years

Rules for Lodging FIR ~ Form for Lodging of FIR/Complaint in Case of Theft/Robbery/Dacoity

Forms to lodge First Information Report/complaint to Police are now available with Coach Attendants, Conductors, Guards Railway Protection Force (RPF) Train Escorts in running trains and with RPF Assistance Posts, RPF Post/Outpost in important Railway Stations. The affected passengers are requested to fill in the forms with relevant information and hand them over to the above-mentioned Railway officials/RPF personnel. The same shall be promptly forwarded to the Government Railway Police (GRP) concerned for registration and further action. Passengers are not required to break their journey to lodging their report with the Police.

Railways Act 1989

It contains Particular, Preliminary, Railway Administrations, Commissioners of Railway Safety, Construction and Maintenance of Works, Opening of Railways, Fixation of Rates Railway Rates Tribunal, Carriage of Passengers, Carriage of Goods, Special Provisions as to Goods Booked to Notified Stations, Responsibilities if Railway Administrations as Carriers, Accident, Liability of Railway Administration for Death and Injury to Passengers Due to Accident, Regulation of Hours of Work and Period of Rest, Penalties and Offences, Miscellaneous.

Railway Act details are attached

Indian Railway : Codes And Manuals

Indian Railway’s Codes And Manuals are attached. Indian Railway : Codes And Manuals


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