Indian Railway organisational structure
Indian Railways is a department owned and controlled by the Government of India, via the Ministry of Railways. As of February 2016, the Railway Ministry is headed by Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu, the Union Minister for Railways and assisted by two ministers of State for Railways. Indian Railways is administered by the Railway Board, which has a financial commissioner, five members and a chairman.Also Read: Indian Railway History
Indian Railways is divided into zones, which are further sub-divided into divisions. The number of zones in Indian Railways increased from six to eight in 1951, nine in 1952, and finally 16 in 2003. Each zonal railway is made up of a certain number of divisions, each having a divisional headquarters. There are a total of sixty-seven divisions.
The Kolkata Metro is owned and operated by Indian Railways, but is not a part of any of the zones. It is administratively considered to have the status of a zonal railway.
Also Read: Southern Railway HistoryEach of the sixteen zones, as well as the Kolkata Metro, is headed by a General Manager (GM) who reports directly to the Railway Board. The zones are further divided into divisions under the control of Divisional Railway Managers (DRM). The divisional officers of engineering, mechanical, electrical, signal and telecommunication, accounts, personnel, operating, commercial and safety branches report to the respective Divisional Manager and are in charge of operation and maintenance of assets. Further down the hierarchy tree are the Station Masters who control individual stations and the train movement through the track territory under their stations’ administration.
|Sl. No||Name||Abbr.||Date Established||Headquarters||Divisions|
|1.||Central||CR||November 5, 1951||Mumbai||Mumbai, Bhusawal, Pune, Solapur, Nagpur|
|2.||East Central||ECR||October 1, 2002||Hajipur||Danapur, Dhanbad, Mughalsarai, Samastipur, Sonpur|
|3.||East Coast||ECoR||April 1, 2003||Bhubaneswar||Khurda Road, Sambalpur, Visakhapatnam|
|4.||Eastern||ER||April, 1952||Kolkata||Howrah, Sealdah, Asansol, Malda|
|5.||North Central||NCR||April 1, 2003||Allahabad||Allahabad, Agra, Jhansi|
|6.||North Eastern||NER||1952||Gorakhpur||Izzatnagar, Lucknow, Varanasi|
|7.||North Western||NWR||October 1, 2002||Jaipur||Jaipur, Ajmer, Bikaner, Jodhpur|
|8.||Northeast Frontier||NFR||1958||Guwahati||Alipurduar, Katihar, Lumding, Rangia, Tinsukia|
|9.||Northern||NR||April 14, 1952||Delhi||Delhi, Ambala, Firozpur, Lucknow, Moradabad|
|10.||South Central||SCR||October 2, 1966||Secunderabad||Secunderabad, Hyderabad, Guntakal, Guntur, Nanded, Vijayawada|
|11.||South East Central||SECR||April 1, 2003||Bilaspur, CG||Bilaspur, Raipur, Nagpur|
|12.||South Eastern||SER||1955||Kolkata||Adra, Chakradharpur, Kharagpur, Ranchi|
|13.||South Western||SWR||April 1, 2003||Hubli||Hubli, Bangalore, Mysore|
|14.||Southern||SR||April 14, 1951||Chennai||Chennai, Madurai, Palakkad, Salem, Tiruchchirapalli, Thiruvanathapuram|
|15.||West Central||WCR||April 1, 2003||Jabalpur||Jabalpur, Bhopal, Kota|
|16.||Western||WR||November 5, 1951||Mumbai||Mumbai Central, Vadodara, Ratlam, Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Bhavnagar|